Journal Info

Journal Info

副标题

For Authors

For Authors

副标题

For Reviewers

For Reviewers

副标题

2023, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (13): 2005-2010

Plantar pressure at different phases during gait cycle in diabetic patients and midsole structure design

Cao Zijun1, 2, Wang Fang1, 2, Li Xuemei3, Li Mingxin4, He Yaoguang1, 2, Zhang Yu1, 2, Yang Tao1, 2, Liu Guoqing1, 2, Zhang Jianguo1, 2   

  1. 1College of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300222, China; 2Tianjin Key Laboratory of Light Industry and Food Engineering Machinery Equipment Integrated Design and Online Monitoring, Tianjin 300222, China; 3Metabolic Disease Hospital, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300070, China; 4Tianjin Hospital, Tianjin 300211, China

  • Received:2022-01-21 Accepted:2022-04-18 Online:2023-05-08 Published:2022-08-11

  • Contact: Wang Fang, PhD, Associate professor, College of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300222, China; Tianjin Key Laboratory of Light Industry and Food Engineering Machinery Equipment Integrated Design and Online Monitoring, Tianjin 300222, China Zhang Jianguo, Master, Professor, College of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300222, China; Tianjin Key Laboratory of Light Industry and Food Engineering Machinery Equipment Integrated Design and Online Monitoring, Tianjin 300222, China

  • About author:Cao Zijun, Doctoral candidate, College of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300222, China; Tianjin Key Laboratory of Light Industry and Food Engineering Machinery Equipment Integrated Design and Online Monitoring, Tianjin 300222, China

  • Supported by:

    the National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 12102301 (to WF)


Abstract: BACKGROUND: High plantar pressure is one of the critical factors causing diabetic foot ulcers. Studying the plantar pressure in multi-phase during gait cycle of diabetic patients contributes to offloading footwear development.  
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the plantar pressure distribution in diabetic patients at heel strike and push off, and design midsole to optimize offloading effect.
METHODS: Plantar pressure was tested to analyze the difference in plantar pressure at heel strike and push off between diabetics patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy and without diabetic peripheral neuropathy and healthy subjects. Finite element model of foot was constructed. Ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer midsole and thermoplastic polyurethane diamond lattice structure midsole with different modulus were designed. Changes in plantar pressure and stress of soft tissue at heel strike and push off in diabetic peripheral neuropathy patient were analyzed to optimize the structure size of diabetes footwear.  
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The peak plantar pressure at push off in diabetic peripheral neuropathy group (22.2%)   was higher than healthy control group (P < 0.05). (2) Ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer midsole reduced the peak plantar pressure at heel strike and push off by 13.0% and 12.9%, reduced the peak stress of soft tissue at two phases by 18.2% and 11.1%. (3) The optimized diamond lattice structure reduced the peak plantar pressure at two phases by 41.6% and 48.4%, reduced the peak stress of soft tissue at two phases by 41.4% and 49.8%. (4) In conclusion, offloading at push off should be noticed in development of diabetic footwear. The diamond lattice structure midsole could archive better effect than ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer midsole.
Key words: diabetes, plantar pressure, gait, biomechanics, finite element analysis, footwear, midsole, lattice structure


分享到:

Publishing Information

Publishing House of Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research


The Official Publication of

Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine

Contact Us

General editorial enquiries:

Email: bwb01@crter.org

Copyright related contact:

Email: crter@crter.org

Commercial Sales contact (Reprints, advertising, etc.):

Email: bwb@crter.org