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2024, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (28): 4586-4592

A meta-analysis of the effect of post-activation potentiation on athletic performance after activation of lower-extremity relative strength levels

Zhang Junjie1, Zhou Wei2, Liu Haiyuan1, Guo Chenggen3   

  1. 1Graduate School, Capital University of Physical Education and Sports, Beijing 100191, China; 2China School of Athletics, Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084, China; 3Department of Physical Fitness, Wuhan Sports University, Wuhan 430079, Hubei Province, China

  • Received:2023-08-07 Accepted:2023-09-05 Online:2024-10-08 Published:2023-11-27

  • Contact: Liu Haiyuan, PhD, Professor, Doctoral supervisor, Graduate School, Capital University of Physical Education and Sports, Beijing 100191, China Zhou Wei, China School of Athletics, Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084, China

  • About author:Zhang Junjie, PhD candidate, Graduate School, Capital University of Physical Education and Sports, Beijing 100191, China

Abstract: OBJECTIVE: The effect of post-activation potentiation on sports performance is characterized by increased muscle mobility and increased rate of muscle force generation. In this paper, Meta-analysis is used to quantitatively evaluate the effects of post-activation potentiation on sprint speed, jumping performance, and kinetic parameters (peak impulse, peak power, maximum ground reaction force, rate of force generation, etc.) after activation of relative strength levels in the lower limbs.
METHODS: Electronic databases such as CNKI, WanFang, Web of Science, PubMed, and Medline were retrieved for randomized control, random crossover, or clear grouping according to the relative strength levels of the lower limbs (non-randomized controls) on the post-activation potentiation effect after activation induced by the relative strength level of the lower limbs. Free weight equipment and rapid telescopic compound exercises were used as main intervention methods in each group. The publication time of the literature was from the inception of each database until August 5, 2023. Endnote software was used to manage the literature. Literature quality assessment was conducted using the PEDro scale for randomized controlled trials and ROBINS-I 2.0 standards for non-randomized controlled trials. Revman5.4 and Stata15.0 software were used to conduct publication bias evaluation, subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis of the extracted data, and forest plots were produced for Meta-analysis.
RESULTS: Eleven documents (seven randomized controlled trials and four non-randomized controlled trials) were finally included, including 216 subjects. Overall, the methodological quality of the literature was high. According to the grouping standard of 1-repetition maximum/body mass > 2 for the strong group and 1-repetition maximum/body mass ≤ 2 for the normal group, there were 99 subjects in the strong group and 117 subjects in the normal group, all of whom were male. The positive effect of post-activation potentiation on sprint performance in the strong group was significantly higher than that in the normal group [standardized mean difference (SMD)=-1.34, 95% confidence interval (CI): -1.74 to -0.93, P < 0.000 01]; the positive effect of post-activation potentiation on vertical jump height showed no significant difference between the strong and normal group (SMD=0.30, 95% CI: -0.07 to 0.66, P=0.11); the positive effect of post-activation potentiation showed no significant difference between the strong and normal groups in terms of peak impulse (SMD=-0.07, 95% CI:-0.62 to 0.47, P=0.61], peak power (SMD=0.21, 95% CI:-0.29 to 0.72, P=0.12), maximum ground reaction force (SMD=0.31, 95% CI: -0.20 to 0.81, P=0.16) and force generation rate (SMD=0.36, 95% CI: -0.11 to 0.82, P=0.39).
CONCLUSION: The post-activation potentiation effect in the strong group can significantly increase the short-distance sprint speed. The potentiation effect after activation of the relative strength level of the lower limbs has similar effects on the kinematic and kinetic parameters, including explosive vertical jump height, peak impulse, peak power, maximum ground reaction force and force generation rate.

Key words: post-activation potentiation, PAP, strength level, muscle strength, sport performance, sprint speed, vertical jump, explosive force, systematic review, Meta-analysis


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