Journal Info

Journal Info

副标题

For Authors

For Authors

副标题

For Reviewers

For Reviewers

副标题

2024, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (33): 5403-5412

Exoskeleton-assisted walking rehabilitation for spinal cord injury: CiteSpace analysis of research hotspots

Xu Yi, Deng Yubin   

  1. Seventh Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Sun Yat-sen University (Shenzhen), Shenzhen 518107, Guangdong Province, China

  • Received:2023-09-18 Accepted:2023-11-07 Online:2024-11-28 Published:2024-01-31

  • Contact: Deng Yubin, PhD, Professor, Seventh Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Sun Yat-sen University (Shenzhen), Shenzhen 518107, Guangdong Province, China

  • About author:Xu Yi, MD, PhD, Associate chief physician, Seventh Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Sun Yat-sen University (Shenzhen), Shenzhen 518107, Guangdong Province, China

  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China (General Program), No. 82172548 (to XY); Basic Research Free Exploration Project of Shenzhen Science and Technology Innovation Commission, No. JCYJ20180307150610733 (to XY)


Abstract: BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury is a serious hazard. Walking dysfunction affects the patients’ quality of life most. Researches on assisted-walking with exoskeleton robots on patients with spinal cord injury have become increasingly active.
OBJECTIVE: To map scientific researches of exoskeleton-assisted walking after spinal cord injury using the CiteSpace software, and to discuss the state of art, cutting-edges in the past 10 years, and trends of research in this field, in hope of providing insights for future investigations and clinical applications.
METHODS: Using the Web of Science core database to conduct subject term search by Boolean logical operators, the language English was selected, search strategy: TS=“spinal cord injury OR SCI” AND “walk OR walking” AND “robot OR exoskeleton OR (exoskeleton-assisted walking) OR EAW”. The knowledge graph software CiteSpace 6.2.R4 was used to de-emphasize the high-quality literature. The high-quality literature obtained after reweighting was subjected to visualization analysis of hotspots and international frontier trends, such as the number of publications, country/research institution cooperation, high-influence authors/literature co-citation, keyword co-occurrence/clustering/emergence, and the scientific knowledge graph was mapped.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) A total of 544 high-quality articles were included, and the number of articles and total citation frequency in this field have shown an increasing trend in the past 10 years. (2) The top 3 countries in terms of number of publications are the USA, China, and Italy, and the top 3 research institutions are the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, the U.S. Veterans Health Administration, and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Domian. (3) The authors with the highest citation frequency (167) and betweenness centrality (0.13) are Professor Esquenazi A, University of Pennsylvania, USA, showing a high influence in this field. (4) The analysis of the top 5 cited documents in terms of citation frequency and betweenness centrality shows that: the current research on walking rehabilitation for spinal cord injury patients equipped with powered exoskeleton devices focuses on the judgment of the safety of walking rehabilitation training in real-life environments such as institutions and homes, analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of walking rehabilitation training, design of individualized training programs, and the advantages and disadvantages of the application of powered exoskeleton devices in assisted walking for patients with complete loss of locomotor function in thoracic vertebrae and the segments below, the factors affecting the effectiveness of assisted walking, and the potential for application. (5) In recent years, research in this field has focused on individuals, gait, powered exoskeleton, body weight support, functional electrical stimulation, rehabilitation, assistive technology, ambulation, recovery, and so on. (6) Early research in this field was mostly applied to stroke patients, and the frontier includes weight loss support, reciprocating gait orthosis, functional electrical stimulation and other technical means. Spinal cord injury exoskeleton-assisted walking rehabilitation research has shown an upward trend in recent years, and the focus of attention to the development of adaptive control as the mechanism of the medical lower extremity exoskeleton equipment, safety enhancement, the application of the potential to tap into the cutting-edge direction of the change, the research and detection means on the joint function of the near-infrared spectroscopic imaging and other high-end technologies, focusing on the quality of life of the patient to enhance the ability of athletic training, and to improve the body’s structure of the field of the future hotspots and the frontier of the research.

Key words: spinal cord injury, walking, exoskeleton robot, functional rehabilitation, research hotspots, frontiers, CiteSpace, visualization analysis


分享到:

Publishing Information

Publishing House of Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research


The Official Publication of

Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine

Contact Us

General editorial enquiries:

Email: bwb01@crter.org

Copyright related contact:

Email: crter@crter.org

Commercial Sales contact (Reprints, advertising, etc.):

Email: bwb@crter.org